How Did Cities Evolve?
Arnhold Hall at The New School (55 West 13th St., 2nd Fl., Manhattan)
The recent 400th anniversary of New York City invites us to think about how the great Western cities have evolved during the centuries of functional, social, administrative, economical, technical, and political developments from the Dark Ages to the present day. Architect and art historian Edward Toran is an author of The Municipal Art Society of New York City: 10 Architectural Walks in Manhattan. His illustrated presentation points out the intertwining of influences through which advances in production technology, business, warfare, and information have brought about major changes in urban landscapes.